PRESENT PERFECT

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It’s Monday.  How was your weekend.  Did you have a good time?

I am going to go into the Present Perfect which my students find very difficult.  However, before I do that I am going to post something which I got in my email about phrasal verbs which I did a few lessons ago.  You will find it useful.  It is from Off2Class.  Hope you find it useful and enjoyable.

With today’s five additions to Off2Class’ Phrasal Verb Category, you now have 37 lessons focusing exclusively on this heavily-used area of the English language:

PV4.20 – Multiword Verbs with KEEP

PV4.21 – Multiword Verbs With LET 

PV4.22 – Multiword Verbs With LOOK

PV4.23 – Multiword Verbs With MAKE

PV4.24 – Multiword Verbs With PAY

Although the tense is called Present Perfect it  actually refers to action in the past.  I am going to give you a link which I have always found very useful for my students.

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/present-perfect-use.html

I copied and pasted the page which I wanted you to have a look at and lo and behold the graph came up as well.  I always find it useful to see the work on the page instead of clicking on the link or copying and pasting.  I guess I am very lazy.  I have done it all for you.

Using the Present Perfect

When should we use the present perfect tense?

 

This is one of the most difficult tenses to use correctly. I hope the rules below are helpful:

Present Perfect Infographic We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions:

Unfinished Actions
We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present. Usually we use it to say ‘how long’ an action or state has continued with ‘since’ and ‘for’. Often, we use stative verbs in this situation:

  • I‘ve known Karen since 1994.
  • She‘s lived in London for three years.
‘Since’ and ‘For’
We use ‘since’ with a fixed time in the past (2004, April 23rd, last year, two hours ago). The fixed time can be another action, indicated with the past simple (since I was at school, since I arrived):

  • I’ve known Sam since 1992.
  • I’ve liked chocolate since I was a child.
  • She’s been here since 2pm.

We use ‘for’ with a period of time (2 hours, three years, six months):

  • I’ve known Julie for ten years.
  • I’ve been hungry for hours.
  • She’s had a cold for a week.
Finished Actions
1: Life experience
(we don’t say when the experience happened, just sometime in the past)

  • I have been to Tokyo.
  • She has lived in Germany.
  • They have visited Paris three times.
  • We have never seen that film.
  • Have you ever read ‘War and Peace’?
2: A finished action with a result in the present (focus on result)

  • I‘ve lost my keys (so I can’t get into my house).
  • She‘s hurt her leg (so she can’t play tennis today).
  • They‘ve missed the bus (so they will be late).
  • I‘ve cooked dinner (so you should come and eat).
3: With an unfinished time word (this month, this week, today, in the last year)

  • I haven’t seen her this month.
  • She‘s drunk three cups of coffee today.
  • This week they‘ve been shopping four times.

Note: We can’t use the present perfect with a finished time word:

  • I’ve seen him yesterday.
‘Been’ and ‘Gone’
In this tense, we use both ‘been’ and ‘gone’ as the past participle of ‘go’, but in slightly different circumstances.
Been
We use ‘been’ (often when we talk about ‘life experience’) to mean that the person being talked about has visited the place, and come back. Notice the preposition ‘to’:

  • I’ve been to Paris (in my life, but now I’m in London, where I live).
  • She has been to school today (but now she’s back at home).
  • They have never been to California.
Gone
We use ‘gone’ (often when we are talking about an action with a result in the present) to mean that the person is at the place now:

  • ‘Where’s John?’ ‘He’s gone to the shops’ (he’s at the shops now).
  • Julie has gone to Mexico (now she’s in Mexico).
  • They’ve gone to Japan for three weeks (now they’re in Japan).

Did the above post make the Present Perfect easier for you.  Here are some You tube videos:

Well, I hope you go home and practise the formation and use of the Present Perfect.  See you tomorrow.

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